Ecomuseum of Guinea
Located in the Gulf Valley, at the foot of the Tibataje Cliff, it is today an Ecomuseum. The route guided by their houses, shows us the evolution since it began to be inhabited, the evolution of the housings with their belongings from the XVII century until the XX century. Each one of these houses is a sample of the Herreña Popular Architecture, where the stone and hill are the base of some houses that, together with their traditional cultures, represent today a monument to the History of the Island.
Also on this site, but as an independent visit, you can visit the Volcanic Tube of Guinea, where you will learn more about the geology of El Hierro. Visits to this cave, always guided, at the same time as the Ecomuseum route.
Intended for captive breeding, it is located inside the Ecomuseum of Guinea. In the Lagartario the Recovery Plan is developed for this Lizard, the galliota simonyi, declared as the most threatened reptile in Europe and among the five most endangered in the World. Until 1974 it was thought to be extinct when a shepherd discovers specimens in the Gorreta Fugue. Through a reintroduction plan we have proceeded to the controlled release of specimens in those places where remains of their existence have been found.
of the Llanía
It is a longer stretch and perhaps of greater intensity, so you have to be prepared when doing it. It starts at the fountain of La Llanía with a series of unforgettable sceneries that make their way as you go along. Leaving the laurisilva behind, you reach the Morcillo basin, passing by the Lomo spring, an area undergoing reforestation, and up to the viewpoint overlooking the caldera de la hoya de Fireba. To end the path with a legend, go to the dance hall of Las Brujas.
The island of El Hierro is home to the best-preserved marine ecosystem in the Canary Islands, with clean waters that are both chemically and acoustically polluted, making it a highly natural area where ecological processes and functions remain practically unchanged.
La Restinga Marine Reserve in El Hierro is an internationally recognised diving sanctuary where numerous species of animals, such as turtles, tuna, rays, groupers, chuchos, dolphins, barracudas... and from time to time, some peaceful whale shark.
Following the volcanic eruptions that took place in 2011, its seabed has regenerated, giving rise to a particular biodiversity and a unique underwater landscape full of life, perfect for diving in all its varieties.
The island of El Hierro is the youngest, smallest, western and southern island of the Canary Islands. It is a World Biosphere Reserve, declared by UNESCO in 2000, and a Geopark in 2014. An island with barely 10,000 inhabitants and, therefore, also the least populated of the Canary Islands.
This island is also known as the "Meridian Island" because, for centuries, it was considered the westernmost point of the known world. It is attributed to the astronomer and astrologer Ptolomeo to have located the Meridiano Cero in Punta de Orchilla, until in 1884 it was moved to its current location, Greenwich.
The island is pure cliff of rocky and very abrupt coasts, among which hide numerous puddles and natural swimming pools. The black volcanic earth that covers it increases this sensation of mysterious remoteness, of extreme civilization that the island held until the discovery of America.